As you get older, it is very normal to observe changes in your vision. Some of the vision problems can be easily treated using contact lenses, lighting, and glasses. However, some of the vision problems can increase as you get older. If neglected, they can cause serious trouble and can even lead to blindness. Hence, it is important to have regular eye check-ups to reduce the risk of eye problems as you get older.
Some Common Age-Related Eye Problems
There are several eye problems that occur as you get older. It is essential to know about age-related eye problems in advance so that you can take proper measures to improve your vision and reduce discomfort. The following are some of the common age-related vision problems:
- Age-related macular degeneration (AMD): The macula is the central portion of the retina that contains several nerve cells that are helpful for vision. AMD is the loss of these cells and it causes blurred vision. If detected at early stages, it can be treated and taking proper nutrition can also be helpful. If it is detected at an advanced stage, there is no cure for AMD.
- Glaucoma: This condition is caused by increased pressure in your eyes and the optic nerve gets damaged due to the pressure. This condition progresses slowly without any signs in the early stages. If it is neglected, it can lead to complete vision loss and blindness. The chances of developing this condition increase if you have diabetes, using some other medications, and have a family history of glaucoma. The treatment options include eye drops, surgery, and oral medications.
- Cataracts: Cataract is the clouding of the eye lens and the vision becomes blurry. It is often caused as a part of the aging process. They develop slowly, and causes redness, and tearing in the eyes. If they are small, they do not affect your eyesight. But if they grow larger, they can affect your vision. Surgery can be used to remove the cloudy lens if they affect your daily routine.
- Diabetic retinopathy: It occurs due to uncontrolled diabetes. In the early stages, blood vessels grow in the retina and they leak fluid, causing blurred vision. If the disease progresses, it can cause blurry vision, and blind spots. Drug injections and laser treatment can help prevent leakage. But the best way is to have regular eye check-ups and to keep blood sugar levels in control.
- Retinal vessel occlusion: It occurs when the vein in the retina gets blocked. The risk factors include high blood pressure, and narrowing of arteries. You may experience moderate to severe vision loss based on the blockage. You need to visit your doctor immediately for assistance.
- Retinal detachment: It is an emergency condition where the inner and outer layer of the retina gets separated. As a result, your eye cannot communicate with the brain and this causes vision loss. The detached retina can be reattached either through surgery or laser treatment.
- Dry eyes: It is a condition where tear glands do not produce enough tears. This causes itching, discomfort, and a burning feeling in the eyes. Dry eyes can be treated using ointments, a home humidifier, and eye drops.
- Floaters: Floaters are small spots in the eyes and they are harmless. In most cases, they are normal but in very rare cases, they may indicate a retinal detachment. If they are minor, you do not need to worry. If they are severe, you need to visit your doctor immediately.
You can take simple measures to avoid serious eye problems and maintain your eyes health. You should visit your doctor on a regular basis for eye tests. You should also be extra cautious if you have diabetes.
Common Eye Tests
Eye problems in seniors can be detected using various eye tests such as the following:
- Visual acuity test: It is the common lettered eye test. It is used to determine how well you can see things from various distances.
- Pupil dilation: In this test, eye drops are used to widen the pupil so that the doctor can clearly see your retina and look for signs of eye problems.
- Tonometry: This is used to know the pressure in your eyes. It is a non-invasive test where a shot of air is passed into the cornea. To obtain more accurate results, other tests also need to be performed.
Experiencing Vision Problems as You are Getting Older? Think Eye is Your Go-to Place
Think Eye has been treating eye problems in people of all age groups in Hyderabad for several years. We have gained a reputation within a less period for our quality and affordable services. We offer comprehensive diagnostic, medical and surgical eye care services through the latest in technology. Our ophthalmologists have performed over 35000+ procedures and are excelled in this field. To discuss your issue, fill out the online form and we are just a call away from you.